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Mineral fertilizers

Mineral fertilizers

Mineral fertilizers

 

It is known that mineral fertilizers for vegetable garden differ from organic much higher concentration of nutrients. Depending on the composition, they can be divided into simple, with one substance and complex, containing several compounds. Since each substance contains the basic microelement, which the plant needs, its share in the fertilizer should be expressed as a percentage. In each substance the proportion of trace element is different. For example, ammonium sulfate contains 20.5% nitrogen, in ammonium nitrate – 35%, and even more (up to 46%) – in urea. The conditional formulas of the active substances are as follows: nitrogen – N, phosphorus – P2O5, potassium – K2O.

To calculate the amount of mineral fertilizer needed to treat a particular crop, you need to know the optimal dose of the active ingredient for this plant, multiply by 100 and divide by the% content of the active ingredient in the fertilizing.

Potash fertilizers

Potash fertilizers

Potash fertilizers

 

Potassium is needed to plants in order to better absorb carbon dioxide from the air, in addition, it increases the resistance of plants to frost, drought, pests and diseases. Solutions of potash fertilizers can be introduced into any soil, they are brought deep into the earth. Sulfuric acid and potassium chloride are used, as well as so-called “potassium salt”.

Potassium chloride contains 50-60% potassium and the other – harmful in large doses for plants is chlorine. If the plant is sensitive to chlorine (berry crops, especially strawberries), feeding make in advance so that the chlorine goes to the bottom layer of the soil. Potassium chloride is used in autumn, when digging at the rate of 20-25 g/sq. m.

Sulfuric sour potassium (46%) is the best choice of fertilizer for berries and fruit crops. It does not contain harmful impurities of chlorine, sodium or magnesium. It is applied in autumn or spring mixed with another fertilizer at a consumption 20-25 g/m2, and for feeding it is enough 5-10 grams.

“Potassium salt” is a combination of potassium chloride with sylvinite and contains 30-40% of the active substance. At the basic entering it is necessary 10-20 g / sq.m.

Phosphorus fertilizers

Phosphorus fertilizers

Phosphorus fertilizers

 

Phosphorus fertilizer contains phosphorus – accelerates the formation of fruits, improves the quality and increases the amount of the crop, gives plants resistance to frost and drought. Phosphorus fertilizers must be applied deep into the soil – closer to the root system, since phosphorus is immovable in the soil.

Superphosphate is a type of phosphorus-containing fertilizer, in which the share is 20%. It’s usually is in granular form, although sometimes there is powder. The color varies from light gray to almost black. Superphosphate is dissolved in water before administration, but in the soil it becomes less soluble. As the main fertilizer it is brought in autumn for 30-45 g / sq. m. If the year is yielding, additional fertilizing is carried out together with potassium fertilizer at the rate of 15-20 g / sq. m.

Double superphosphate contains twice as much phosphorus (up to half the mass), and its properties do not differ by its properties from conventional superphosphate, only it needs to be taken 2 times less.

How to apply mineral fertilizers?

How to apply mineral fertilizers?

How to apply mineral fertilizers?

 

Mineral fertilizing in the spring is applying, first of all, in floodplain and lowland areas (flood meadows), as well as in the processing or digging of the soil. Before you apply mineral fertilizers to the soil, it is important to correctly calculate the amount of fertilizing, avoiding overdose, in the first place, nitrogenous fertilizing.

In the middle regions with high precipitation, so that fertilizers do not wash out, it is better to introduce them in the spring when the soil is cultivated (the third part of potassium-phosphorus fertilizers and all nitrogenous fertilizers).

In autumn, is applying fertilizers more resistant to leaching: lime, phosphoric flour, ammonium sulfate, granular superphosphate or ammonium chloride.

Most often (though not always) it is more useful when both mineral and organic fertilizers are simultaneously applied to the soil. In this case, the dosage of mineral fertilizers should be reduced by about one-third of the normal application rate.

Types of nitrogen fertilizers

Types of nitrogen fertilizers

Types of nitrogen fertilizers

 

There are different types of nitrogen fertilizers and the most famous are ammonium nitrate, carbamide (Urea), ammonia water and ammonium sulfate. Ammonium nitrate is high-speed and universal feeding containing about 35% nitrogen. It is white, slightly pink crystals. Nitrate is hygroscopic and therefore quickly caked. Keep it in a waterproof package in a dry place. Each gardener, at the question of which fertilizer to make when planting, first of all, he will tell you ammonium nitrate: in the spring it is fed at the rate of 25-30 g / sq.m. Ammonium nitrate slightly acidifies the soil, which is favorable for black soil. Top dressing is carried out by its aqueous solution (20 g per bucket of water).

Ammonium sulphate is a salt in the form of white crystals, contains 20-21% nitrogen. This fertilizer is used both in the spring and in the autumn, as it is poorly washed out of the soil, lingering in it. This substance even more acidifies the soil. At the basic fertilizing, up to 50 g of ammonium sulphate per square meter is applied, and with feeding – twice less.

Urea (Carbamide) is a white crystalline substance, especially rich in nitrogen (46%). It is digested gradually, so gardeners make it in the spring as the main fertilizer, and in heavy soils also add 20-25 g / m2. in the autumn. Can serve as additional fertilizer for irrigation of soil (10 g / m2) Or as foliar dressing, when fruit and berry crops are sprayed with a concentrated solution (30-40 g of carbamide per bucket of water).

How to fertilize a garden in spring

How to fertilize a garden

How to fertilize a garden

 

In spring, it’s time for active work for gardeners and farmers. In order to get a good harvest in the fall, you need to work in the spring. In particular, in the spring it is very important to choose the right fertilizers and to introduce them into the soil. It is necessary to take into account the needs of the crops that will be grown on the field.

Feeding the backyard and garden in the spring is a very important preparatory stage, before planting the plants. Many beginner gardeners and farmers are wondering hove to feed the garden in the spring. In this article we will try to answer this question.

The need for fertilizers in the spring is explained by the fact that the soil is exhausted from year to year, and it needs to restore the structure and availability of nutrients.

What use to fertilize?

What to fertilize a garden and backyard in the spring? The spring period is a wonderful period for applying both organic and mineral fertilizers. From the list of organic fertilizers you can use rotten compost, manure, chicken droppings, etc. Those who adhere to natural vegetable growing and horticulture, make these fertilizers. They are no worse than purchased fertilizers.

As a rule, organic fertilizers are brought in autumn after harvesting. However, if this was not done, then it does not matter, you can fertilize in the spring. The rates of application to the soil are as follows: 1 bucket of compost or overgrown manure is applied per square meter. You can also make fertilizer based on peat. Such fertilizers improve the structure of the soil, loosen it, and saturate with all the necessary nutrients that persist in the soil for a very long time.

The fertilizing the backyard and garden with organic fertilizers:

  • Organic fertilizers are expensive. In order to fertilize the field, you will have to shell out a considerable amount of money. Therefore, never throw away or burn organic remains (dry grass, rotten vegetables and fruits, etc.), and stack them separately in the compost pile. Good for those who keep animals or birds.
  • Fresh manure, especially bird droppings can burn the roots of plants.
  • There is a possibility of infection of plants with diseases. Again, this probability arises if the manure is not sufficiently rotten.
  • Specific smell. This is undoubtedly a drawback.

The fertilizing with mineral fertilizers:

In addition to organic, you can make mineral fertilizers. Feeding with mineral fertilizers is much easier. They are sold in any store in a concentrated form. You need only be guided by certain dosages. Apply mineral fertilizers only immediately before digging.

The norms for the application of mineral fertilizers are as follows: 300-350 grams of nitrogen fertilizers, 200-250 grams of phosphorus fertilizers, 200-250 grams of potassium fertilizers per 10 square meters of the site. Mineral fertilizers do not improve the soil structure, but only saturate it with nutrients. Another disadvantage of such fertilizers is that they are quickly washed out of the soil.

Let’s sum up a little. If you have the opportunity to fertilize your backyard or garden organic, then fertilized it. If this is not possible, then apply mineral fertilizers.

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Analysis of the world market of mineral fertilizers as of 08.20.2016

Analysis of the world market of mineral fertilizers 19.08

Analysis of the world market of mineral fertilizers 19.08

 

Prices for mineral fertilizers in the world market, USD / ton (mound and pouring in) are reflected in the graph to this news.

 

Carbamide ( Urea )

The increase in the quotes of carbamide will be observed until the middle of September. This is due to a halt in production in the CIS and North Africa, amid rising demand for fertilizers in the US.

The OPP is now stopped and it is not known when it will be launched. The plant’s products are export oriented. Therefore, there was an increase in the price of urea in the port “South”. Stop “Dneproazot” in September will also contribute to keeping the trend of rising prices.

Quotes of carbamide have grown. Rising prices in the Baltic region and small volumes in the Russian Federation contributed to the increase in the price of carbamide in the world market.

Due to problems with gas supplies, the plants for repairs in Egypt stopped. In Algeria, production at the Sorfert plant was stopped. In combination with a decrease in fertilizer supplies from the CIS countries, there was an increase in prices in the Mediterranean region and the world market.

In the United States, there is an increase in demand for granular carbamide. In turn, this affected the increase in quotations in the Persian Gulf. Producers from the Middle East took advantage of the situation and raised prices for products for supply to other markets. The only supplier of urea at the last Indian tender will be Iran (120 thousand tons).

Supporting the market trends, Chinese producers also raised prices for urea. Fertilizer is shipped to buyers from the countries of the Asia-Pacific region while there is no major tender in India. 700 thousand tons. Inventories of goods in ports. The capacity utilization is slightly more than 60%. The State Council of the People’s Republic of China plans to limit and control the production of urea, ammonia and phosphorus fertilizers in order not to allow the market to become saturated with these fertilizers. This step may lead to an increase in the cost of mineral fertilizers in the world market of mineral fertilizers.

The region of the Gulf of Mexico does not differ from the general picture. The quotes of granular urea grow due to the increase in demand in the US. In connection with the rise in price of fertilizers in the countries of the Middle East and the Baltic region, prices of prilled and granulated urea continue to grow. The demand for carbamide is evident in Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, Costa Rica, Chile and Nicaragua.

In the first half of September, the next tender for the purchase of urea in India is expected. In addition, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Australia, Malaysia, Vietnam are engaged in its procurement.

UAN-32

The increase in prices for urea and ammonium nitrate mixture occurred after raising the price of carbamide.

Ammonium nitrate

In the Black Sea and Baltic regions, quotes for ammonium nitrate are stable. It should, however, expect a rise in price of ammonium nitrate as the price of carbamide has risen, and because producers from the CIS countries have aimed their views on the domestic market, volumes have decreased export opportunities.

Ammonia

Prices for ammonia dictate disappointing forecasts for the producers of this product. Manufacturers of high-cost products will be forced to stop production due to lower prices. And this despite the fact, that ammonia production has decreased in the CIS and North Africa.

Ukrainian fertilizers market analysis as of 20.08.2016

Ukrainian fertilizers market analysis as of 19.08

Ukrainian fertilizers market analysis as of 19.08

   

Prices in the domestic market of Ukraine, UAH./t. (VAT), EXW / FCA the supplier warehouse displayed on the diagram to this news

Ammonium nitrate

Further depreciation of ammonium nitrate isn’t planned. Currently prices have stabilized and been preserved the second week in a row. Ammonium nitrate can be purchased at trading companies 5300-5450 USD/t. (CPT station of the customer). After harvesting grain and bean farmers begin preparations for the fall season. Right now begin increasing purchases of ammonium nitrate. Last week, the quotations of ammonium nitrate in the Black Sea region increased, which also support the prices in Ukraine. In addition, when operating one plant in the country, no imports of ammonium nitrate from Central Asia and Russian Federation the available volumes will be small. That volume which imported into the country is unable to fully meet demand. The imported ammonium nitrate is more expensive than Ukrainian – 5400-6000 UAH/t. (CPT station of the customer).

Calcium ammonium nitrate 

Prices of calcium ammonium nitrate not changed – 5200-5300 UAH /t. (CPT station of the customer). Producers reduced the cost in Ukraine after a decline in export prices during July. Following them traders also reduced prices. Trading companies offer goods at 6600-7100 UAH/t. (CPT station of the customer).

UAN -32

Interest to the solution of urea and ammonium nitrate is low. In trading companies UAN-32 can be purchased at a price of 5070-5400 UAH/t. (FCA).

Ammonium sulphate

Ammonium sulphate supplies are being increased by importers due to an increase in interest in products from farmers.

The import is carried out as a crystalline (4000-4500 UAH/t., CPT station of the customer) and granular (5780-5900 UAH/t., CPT station of the customer) ammonium sulphate.

Complex fertilizers

On the eve of the autumn season, imports of complex fertilizers are on the rise. If in past years the undisputed leader was NPK fertilizer (16:16:16), then in this extremely popular goods with a high content of phosphorus and potassium. It should be noted that the fate of Belarusian goods in imports is increasing. Also the range of goods from Belarus is quite wide. The nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizer of the brands is 9:25:25 (10900-11000 UAH/t.), 7:20:30 (9800-9850 UAH/t.), 8:19:29 (9600-9850 UAH/t.) and 5:17:36 (9700-9800 UAH/t.), terms of delivery of the CPT station of the customer.

The import of complex fertilizers from Russia is also increasing. However, the growth rate is less than from Belarus. The cost of diammofos brand 10:26:26 is 10880-10980 UAH/t. (CPT station of the customer). Price for NPK fertilizer(16:16:16) for the month didn’t change. On the last week of July the product were offered for 8550-8600 UAH/t. (CPT station of the customer). The cost of the brand 8:20:30 is 9800 UAH/t. (CPT station of the customer).

Phosphate fertilizers

Significant changes in the phosphate fertilizer market have not been noticed. The demand is quite good.

Ammophos (12:52) from the Russian Federation is offered at 11 900-12 000 UAH/t. (CPT station of the customer).

Ammophos (10:46) from Kazakhstan is offered at 10100-10400 UAH/t. (CPT/FCA).

Sulfoammophos is sold for 9200 UAH/t. (CPT station of the customer) and 10050 UAH/t. (EXW).